968 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Enhanced ER-associated degradation of HMG CoA reductase causes embryonic lethality associated with Ubiad1 deficiency

    Youngah Jo et al.
    Embryonic lethality associated with deficiency of UBIAD1, which synthesizes a vitamin K2 subtype, results from aberrant ER-associated degradation of the cholesterol biosynthetic enzyme HMG CoA reductase.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synthetic lethality between the cohesin subunits STAG1 and STAG2 in diverse cancer contexts

    Petra van der Lelij et al.
    STAG1 has been identified as a hardwired genetic dependency of cancer cells harbouring mutations in the cohesin subunit and emerging major tumor suppressor STAG2 holds the promise for the development of selective therapeutics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Disruption of entire Cables2 locus leads to embryonic lethality by diminished Rps21 gene expression and enhanced p53 pathway

    Tra Thi Huong Dinh et al.
    Mouse genetic manipulations reveal that Cables2 is involved in the progress of gastrulation by interacting with Wnt/β-catenin and the p53 pathways in diminished Rps21 expression.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Evidence that synthetic lethality underlies the mutual exclusivity of oncogenic KRAS and EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Co-mutation of two powerful oncogenes in certain cell types may have a lethal effect that explains the mutual exclusivity of the mutations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Naa12 compensates for Naa10 in mice in the amino-terminal acetylation pathway

    Hyae Yon Kweon et al.
    Mice doubly deficient for Naa10 and Naa12 display embryonic lethality, with both enzymes compensating for each other with amino-terminal acetylation of proteins in mouse development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Increased H+ efflux is sufficient to induce dysplasia and necessary for viability with oncogene expression

    Bree K Grillo-Hill et al.
    Increasing the internal pH of cells can induce dysplasia and enhance oncogene-increased cell growth, while decreasing the internal pH combined with oncogene expression leads to synthetic lethality.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin accessibility underlies synthetic lethality of SWI/SNF subunits in ARID1A-mutant cancers

    Timothy W R Kelso et al.
    ARID1A, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and its homolog ARID1B function to maintain chromatin accessibility and active histone modifications at enhancers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    FXR1 regulates transcription and is required for growth of human cancer cells with TP53/FXR2 homozygous deletion

    Yichao Fan et al.
    Functional and mechanistic analyses of cancer cells containing homozygous deletion of TP53 and FXR2 reveal that inhibition of FXR1 blocks cell proliferation in a collateral lethality manner, opening an avenue to develop therapies targeting such cancers.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Hyperactivation of ERK by multiple mechanisms is toxic to RTK-RAS mutation-driven lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Cancer cells driven by mutations in KRAS or EGFR are dependent on DUSP6 to prevent ERK-induced cell death, creating a novel vulnerability for targeted therapy.

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