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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Herpesviral induction of RAE-1 NKG2D ligand expression occurs through release of HDAC mediated repression

    Trever T Greene et al.
    Viral infection can induce NKG2D ligand expression through the action of virally encoded histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, which release HDAC mediated repression of NKG2D ligands.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma gondii peptide ligands open the gate of the HLA class I binding groove

    Curtis McMurtrey et al.
    T. gondii infection alters how peptide ligands are presented to the immune system by inducing a previously unreported structural change in Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs).
    1. Plant Biology

    BLADE-ON-PETIOLE proteins act in an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex to regulate PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 abundance

    Bo Zhang et al.
    The abundance of the PIF4 transcription factor, central in light and temperature signaling, is controlled by an E3 ligase encoded by BOP proteins.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A conformational switch regulates the ubiquitin ligase HUWE1

    Bodo Sander et al.
    The cancer-associated human ubiquitin ligase HUWE1 can adopt an auto-inhibited dimeric state, whose occupancy is regulated by competing intra- and intermolecular interactions of the dimerization region and by the tumor suppressor p14ARF.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The CUL5 ubiquitin ligase complex mediates resistance to CDK9 and MCL1 inhibitors in lung cancer cells

    Shaheen Kabir et al.
    Targeting the CRL5 ubiquitin ligase complex in combination with CDK9 or MCL1 inhibition could combat innate and acquired resistance of cancer cells to MCL1-targeting therapeutics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative cobinding of synthetic and natural ligands to the nuclear receptor PPARγ

    Jinsai Shang et al.
    Synthetic PPARγ ligands push and cobind with natural endogenous ligands, instead of compete and displace, which synergistically affects the structure and function of PPARγ.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ligand modulation of sidechain dynamics in a wild-type human GPCR

    Lindsay D Clark et al.
    Generation of a highly deuterated 13C-methyl labeled wild-type GPCR sample is used to facilitate characterization of the molecular environments and fast ps-ns dynamics of sidechains when the receptor is bound to ligands of different efficacy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL regulates synaptic ApoER2 levels and is important for plasticity and learning

    Jie Gao et al.
    Control of lipoprotein receptor protein levels at synapses by the E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL is shown to be important for the plasticity of neuronal dendrites in vitro and learning and memory in mice.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT crystal structures implicate the bHLH-PAS family as multi-ligand binding transcription factors

    Dalei Wu et al.
    Detailed structural analysis of NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT complexes, and further comparisons with other bHLH-PAS protein structures, show that this family of mammalian transcription factors have distinct ligand-binding pockets within their molecular architectures.