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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr antagonizes innate immune activation by targeting karyopherin-mediated NF-κB/IRF3 nuclear transport

    Hataf Khan et al.
    HIV-1 Vpr antagonises innate immune sensing of viral and non-viral stimuli by preventing activated IRF3 and NF-κB nuclear transport.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Type I interferon underlies severe disease associated with Junín virus infection in mice

    Brady T Hickerson et al.
    The first lethal Junín virus challenge model in immunocompetent mice provides insight into New World mammarenavirus pathogenesis and will serve as a model for the development of much-needed therapeutic interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defective synaptic transmission causes disease signs in a mouse model of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

    Benedikt Grünewald et al.
    Impaired GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic function and loss of interneurons in the amygdala, hippocampus, and cerebellum cause characteristic disease symptoms in a mouse model juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NMDA receptors control development of somatosensory callosal axonal projections

    Jing Zhou et al.
    NMDAR receptors act in regulating axon guidance of somatosensory callosal projections in early postnatal life and the expression of EPHB2 receptors in target cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discrete viral E2 lysine residues and scavenger receptor MARCO are required for clearance of circulating alphaviruses

    Kathryn S Carpentier et al.
    The scavenger receptor MARCO and liver phagocytes are required for clearance of circulating alphavirus particles and thereby limit viremia and viral dissemination.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Nationally-representative serostudy of dengue in Bangladesh allows generalizable disease burden estimates

    Henrik Salje et al.
    To maximize broad insight on disease burden, seroprevalence studies should be generalizable to the wider population, both in age and location.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Acquisition of exogenous haem is essential for tick reproduction

    Jan Perner et al.
    The lack of haem biosynthetic and degradative pathways in ticks offers new strategies to combat these parasites.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comparative analysis of viral RNA signatures on different RIG-I-like receptors

    Raul Y Sanchez David et al.
    An experimental approach allowing characterization of viral RNA ligands recognized by RIG-I-like receptors during infection by any RNA viruses is established and validated.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single mosquito metatranscriptomics identifies vectors, emerging pathogens and reservoirs in one assay

    Joshua Batson et al.
    How large-scale single mosquito metatranscriptomics can define the mosquito’s complex microbiota and its blood meal sources, and contribute critical epidemiological information needed to control vector borne disease transmission, is shown.