5,137 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation after vastus lateralis denervation in rats demonstrates neural regulation of joint stresses and strains

    Cristiano Alessandro et al.
    The adaptation strategy used by the nervous system following muscle paralysis restores task performance while minimizing the stresses and strains within a joint.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Planar cell polarity signaling coordinates oriented cell division and cell rearrangement in clonally expanding growth plate cartilage

    Yuwei Li et al.
    Through the interaction between PCP signaling and N-cadherin, oriented cell division and cell rearrangement are coordinated to establish the appropriate tissue architecture critical for limb skeletal morphogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frizzled3 controls axonal development in distinct populations of cranial and spinal motor neurons

    Zhong L Hua et al.
    The signaling molecule Frizzled3 plays a part in the development of the nervous system by controlling the ability of motor neurons to form connections with distant target muscles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Quantification of gene expression patterns to reveal the origins of abnormal morphogenesis

    Neus Martínez-Abadías et al.
    Quantitative analyses associating the morphology of developing organs with dynamic gene expression patterns can reveal biological phenomena that cause malformations and malfunction but remain elusive to traditional qualitative assessments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Postural control of arm and fingers through integration of movement commands

    Scott T Albert et al.
    After a movement, the final posture of the arm is stabilized by a subcortical structure that mathematically integrates movement commands over time.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary transitions between beneficial and phytopathogenic Rhodococcus challenge disease management

    Elizabeth A Savory et al.
    The horizontal acquisition of virulence plasmids is potentiated by production practices in plant nurseries and is sufficient to transition Rhodococcus from being beneficial to being pathogenic.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An intrinsic cell cycle timer terminates limb bud outgrowth

    Joseph Pickering et al.
    Size control in limbs is an intrinsically determined process.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Amotl2a interacts with the Hippo effector Yap1 and the Wnt/β-catenin effector Lef1 to control tissue size in zebrafish

    Sobhika Agarwala et al.
    The cell junction-associated protein Amotl2a controls tissue size in the zebrafish lateral line primordium by limiting the activity of the Hippo effector Yap1 and the Wnt effector Lef1.

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