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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural state recognition facilitates tip tracking of EB1 at growing microtubule ends

    Taylor A Reid et al.
    EB1 targeting to growing microtubule plus-ends is facilitated by tapered microtubule tip structures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased expression of heme-binding protein 1 early in Alzheimer's disease is linked to neurotoxicity

    Oleksandr Yagensky et al.
    Increased levels of brain Hebp1 starting from the presymptomatic stage of Alzheimer’s disease contributes to progressive neuronal loss by triggering mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in neurons exposed to elevated heme.
    1. Neuroscience

    Representational untangling by the firing rate nonlinearity in V1 simple cells

    Merse E Gáspár et al.
    Firing rate nonlinearity recovers linear decodability of orientation information from simple cells of the primary visual cortex under uncertainty of nuisance parameters phase and spatial frequency.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional metagenomics-guided discovery of potent Cas9 inhibitors in the human microbiome

    Kevin J Forsberg et al.
    A high-throughput, activity-based selection identifies many phage-derived inhibitors of Cas9 from human fecal and oral metagenomes, with at least one inhibitor acting via a novel mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    The paraventricular thalamus is a critical mediator of top-down control of cue-motivated behavior in rats

    Paolo Campus et al.
    A top-down circuit generating from the prelimbic cortex and projecting to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus mediates individual differences in cue-elicited responding by affecting subcortical dopamine-dependent incentive learning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Consistent and correctable bias in metagenomic sequencing experiments

    Michael R McLaren et al.
    A mathematical model of bias in marker-gene and metagenomic sequencing measurements explains systematic errors in defined mixtures of microbial species, and enables quantitative and reproducible investigation of biological communities.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive substitutions underlying cardiac glycoside insensitivity in insects exhibit epistasis in vivo

    Andrew M Taverner et al.
    Genome engineering and phenotyping in vivo reveal surprising new features of adaptive amino acid substitutions that were previously inaccessible.
    1. Neuroscience

    TRPC3 is a major contributor to functional heterogeneity of cerebellar Purkinje cells

    Bin Wu et al.
    Purkinje cells feature molecular heterogeneity that introduces differentiation in physiological properties between zebrin-identified cerebellar modules and thereby underlies the differential control on sensorimotor integration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A genetic selection reveals functional metastable structures embedded in a toxin-encoding mRNA

    Sara Masachis et al.
    A genetic selection of toxicity suppressors coupled to high-throughput sequencing has captured metastable RNA structures that co-transcriptionally inhibit the translation of a bacterial toxin.
    1. Cell Biology

    Molecular basis for dyneinopathies reveals insight into dynein regulation and dysfunction

    Matthew G Marzo et al.
    A mutagenesis screen in budding yeast sheds light on dynein regulation and function, and reveals the molecular basis for disease in patients suffering from neuropathies caused by dynein dysfunction.