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    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite changes in APP processing and human Aβ levels in rats carrying either a protective or a pathogenic APP mutation

    Marc D Tambini et al.
    APP mutations that either cause or prevent dementia alter APP metabolism in a complex and opposite fashion, suggesting a link between multiple APP processing events, dementia and ageing-dependent cognitive decline.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nodal β spectrins are required to maintain Na+ channel clustering and axon integrity

    Cheng-Hsin Liu et al.
    A combination of sensory-neuron specific conditional knockout mice reveal nodal beta spectrins are required to maintain, but not assemble, nodes of Ranvier.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The orphan receptor GPR88 blunts the signaling of opioid receptors and multiple striatal GPCRs

    Thibaut Laboute et al.
    GPR88 inhibits G-protein signaling of nearby GPCRs, and dampens b-arrestin recruitment by all GPCRs tested, likely by sequestration in intracellular compartments.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin Kif2C in regulation of DNA double strand break dynamics and repair

    Songli Zhu et al.
    Kinesin Kif2C is recruited to DNA damage sites, modulates the mobility and dynamics of DNA damage foci, and promotes DNA double strand break repair.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casein kinase 1 dynamics underlie substrate selectivity and the PER2 circadian phosphoswitch

    Jonathan M Philpott et al.
    A conformational switch in the Casein Kinase 1 activation loop controls substrate preference to regulate the abundance of the clock protein PERIOD2 and circadian timekeeping.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    A gut bacterial amyloid promotes α-synuclein aggregation and motor impairment in mice

    Timothy R Sampson et al.
    Production of an amyloid protein by bacteria within the gut microbiome can influence the pathophysiology of a mouse model of synucleinopathy.