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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A multicellular way of life for a multipartite virus

    Anne Sicard et al.
    A multipartite virus functionally spreads its distinct genome segments in distinct individual cells of the host plant, and complementation of the viral genes across cells allows a pluricellular infection cycle.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    EFHC1, implicated in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, functions at the cilium and synapse to modulate dopamine signaling

    Catrina M Loucks et al.
    C. elegans EFHC1 influences neuronal transmission through the cilium and the synapse.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation between tropomyosin and α-actinin inhibits fimbrin association with actin filament networks in fission yeast

    Jenna R Christensen et al.
    The contractile ring actin binding proteins tropomyosin Cdc8 and a-actinin Ain1 synergize to effectively compete with the endocytic actin patch protein fimbrin Fim1 for associating with F-actin networks.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic enhancer partitioning instructs activation of a growth-related gene during exit from naïve pluripotency

    Maxim Greenberg et al.
    Three-dimensional chromatin architecture facilitates a promoter switch in order to ensure maintained expression of a gene involved in growth during embryonic stem cell differentiation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed motility originates from cooperatively pushing and pulling flagella bundles in bilophotrichous bacteria

    Klaas Bente et al.
    Bacteria reach swimming speeds of several hundred body lengths per second and change direction in less than 5 ms by using coordinated flagella bundle agitation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    E. coli TraR allosterically regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation

    James Chen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures, combined with biochemical experiments, show how the E. coli F element-encoded TraR protein regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation and conformational heterogeneity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    C-mannosylation supports folding and enhances stability of thrombospondin repeats

    Aleksandra Shcherbakova et al.
    C-mannosylation supports native folding of thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the endoplasmic reticulum and stabilizes the folded proteins by modulating the dynamics of the tryptophan-arginine ladder.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extraction of active RhoGTPases by RhoGDI regulates spatiotemporal patterning of RhoGTPases

    Adriana E Golding et al.
    Through visualization of directly-labeled RhoGTPase both in vitro and in vivo, RhoGDI is found to spatiotemporally regulate RhoGTPase activity through the extraction of active RhoGTPase.