232 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of circular RNAs in primates

    Gabriela Santos-Rodriguez et al.
    An analysis of the genomic features that distinguish conserved from species-specific circular RNAs reveals that the expansion of the downstream intron by insertion of retrotransposons stabilizes circular RNAs' production across 30+ millions years of evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Local adaptation and archaic introgression shape global diversity at human structural variant loci

    Stephanie M Yan et al.
    Graph genotyping of structural variation in diverse human populations reveals functional associations and signatures of local adaptation within poorly resolved regions of the genome.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    HNRNPM controls circRNA biogenesis and splicing fidelity to sustain cancer cell fitness

    Jessica SY Ho et al.
    HNRNPM regulates exon inclusion and circularization events on transcripts of key homeostatic genes promoting cancer growth.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inflammation drives alternative first exon usage to regulate immune genes including a novel iron-regulated isoform of Aim2

    Elektra K Robinson et al.
    Alternative first exon usage was the major event observed in macrophages during inflammation, which resulted in the elucidation of a novel isoform and regulatory mechanism of the protein-coding gene, Aim2.
    1. Cell Biology

    circPTPN12/miR-21–5 p/∆Np63α pathway contributes to human endometrial fibrosis

    Minmin Song et al.
    Upregulation of circPTPN12 in endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) of fibrotic endometrium sponged miR-21–5 p and resulted in upregulation of its target gene, ΔNp63α, which induced transition of EECs to mesenchymal cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.

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