2,142 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Salient experiences are represented by unique transcriptional signatures in the mouse brain

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    Inducible transcription in the brain encodes detailed aspects of recent experience.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Individual crop loads provide local control for collective food intake in ant colonies

    Efrat Esther Greenwald et al.
    Colony satiation level determines the unloading rate of laden foragers, which, in turn, rely on their own food load to adjust their foraging effort.
    1. Neuroscience

    Capillary pericytes express α-smooth muscle actin, which requires prevention of filamentous-actin depolymerization for detection

    Luis Alarcon-Martinez et al.
    Pericytes surrounding capillaries in the retina contain α-smooth muscle actin, demonstrating that pericytes have the necessary molecular machinery to change capillary diameter during neurovascular coupling.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Laminin signals initiate the reciprocal loop that informs breast-specific gene expression and homeostasis by activating NO, p53 and microRNAs

    Saori Furuta et al.
    Endogenous laminins are necessary to build a functional acinus via generating NO, activating p53, HOXD10 and other positive players, but tumor cells neither make laminin nor generate NO, unless they are reverted to an organized structure.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    A switch in transcription and cell fate governs the onset of an epigenetically-deregulated tumor in Drosophila

    Joana Torres et al.
    A previously unknown oncogenic feature of an embryonic transcription factor was uncovered from transcriptomic analysis of tumors that lack functional Polycomb silencing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct contributions of functional and deep neural network features to representational similarity of scenes in human brain and behavior

    Iris IA Groen et al.
    Deep network features exhibit a robust correlation with brain activity in scene-selective cortex, but are not sufficient to explain human scene categorization behavior, which is strongly shaped by information about the function (possibility for action) of the scene.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    BOLD activity throughout the cortex, including auditory cortex and associative regions, reveals that adaptation is shorter in dyslexia.
    1. Neuroscience

    The relationship between spatial configuration and functional connectivity of brain regions

    Janine Diane Bijsterbosch et al.
    Connectivity network matrices, as estimated with masking or dual regression against group-level parcellations, reflect little or no unique cross-subject information that is not also captured by spatial topographical variability.

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