316 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Membrane Phase Separation: Localizing order to boost signaling

    Štefan Bálint, Michael L Dustin
    B-cell receptors form ordered clusters to recruit kinases and exclude phosphatases.
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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A small protein encoded by a putative lncRNA regulates apoptosis and tumorigenicity in human colorectal cancer cells

    Xiao Ling Li et al.
    Discovery and initial characterization of a conserved small protein translated from a transcript annotated as a human long non-coding RNA.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Cell Biology

    Casein kinase 1G2 suppresses necroptosis-promoted testis aging by inhibiting receptor-interacting kinase 3

    Dianrong Li et al.
    Casein kinase 1G2 interacts with and inhibits the activation of receptor-interacting kinase 3, RIP3, in response to TNF and toll-like receptor family members and attenuates its necroptosis signaling activity.
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane insertion of α-xenorhabdolysin in near-atomic detail

    Evelyn Schubert et al.
    Cryo-EM and X-ray structures of α-xenorhabdolysin in soluble and pore form of Xenorhabdus nematophila give novel insights into the mechanism of action of bi-component α-pore-forming toxins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.

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