233 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The brown adipocyte protein CIDEA promotes lipid droplet fusion via a phosphatidic acid-binding amphipathic helix

    David Barneda et al.
    An interaction between the brown fat protein CIDEA and the phospholipid phosphatidic acid is vital for the expansion of intracellular lipid droplets for energy storage.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Developmentally regulated H2Av buffering via dynamic sequestration to lipid droplets in Drosophila embryos

    Matthew Richard Johnson et al.
    In early Drosophila embryos, histone H2Av continuously exchanges between cytoplasmic lipid droplets, a process that modulates H2Av import into nuclei and constitutes a novel post-translational strategy to regulate nuclear H2Av levels.
    1. Cell Biology

    Seipin is required for converting nascent to mature lipid droplets

    Huajin Wang et al.
    Seipin oligomers dynamically interact with small, nascent lipid droplets near the endoplasmic reticulum to convert them into larger, mature lipid droplets in a newly identified step of lipid droplet formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    TFAP2 transcription factors are regulators of lipid droplet biogenesis

    Cameron C Scott et al.
    The biogenesis of lipid droplets induced by Wnt3a is controlled by the transcription factor TFAP2, which presumably acts as a 'master' regulator of lipid droplet biogenesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel role for lipid droplets in the organismal antibacterial response

    Preetha Anand et al.
    Histones bound to lipid droplets inside cells offer protection against bacteria in flies, and possibly mice, thus suggesting a possible new innate immunity pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Arf1/COPI machinery acts directly on lipid droplets and enables their connection to the ER for protein targeting

    Florian Wilfling et al.
    The targeting of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to lipid droplets relies on surface modulation of the lipid droplet by the Arf1/COPI machinery.
    1. Cell Biology

    Human VPS13A is associated with multiple organelles and influences mitochondrial morphology and lipid droplet motility

    Wondwossen M Yeshaw et al.
    VPS13A is associated with the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and lipid droplets and is required for cellular processes that require interaction between these organells.
    1. Cell Biology

    AMPK and vacuole-associated Atg14p orchestrate μ-lipophagy for energy production and long-term survival under glucose starvation

    Arnold Y Seo et al.
    Upon AMPK activation by acute glucose restriction, Atg14p shifts its distribution from ER exit sites to liquid-ordered membrane domains on the vacuolar surface where, together with Atg6p, it facilitates LD-specific autophagy (i.e., microautophagy of lipid droplets) for energy production and long-term survival of starved cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Inhibition of intracellular lipolysis promotes human cancer cell adaptation to hypoxia

    Xiaodong Zhang et al.
    The survival and growth of solid tumor cells in hypoxia is dependent on fatty acid storage in triglyceride lipid droplets promoted by HIG2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Lipid droplet biology and evolution illuminated by the characterization of a novel perilipin in teleost fish

    James G Granneman et al.
    Phylogenetic, biochemical, and genetic techniques reveal a novel and ancient member of the Perilipin family, termed Plin6, that functions to concentrate and traffic lipophilic skin pigment in teleost fish.

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