272 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired mRNA splicing and proteostasis in preadipocytes in obesity-related metabolic disease

    Julia Sánchez-Ceinos et al.
    Alternative splicing and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) system represent essential, fat depot-specific components of the adipogenesis that are altered in preadipocytes from obese individuals with metabolic disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin alleviates stress-induced cellular senescence of aging human adipose stromal cells and the ensuing adipocyte dysfunction

    Laura Le Pelletier et al.
    Aging is associated with stress-induced senescence of adipose stromal cells, leading to impaired adipogenesis, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance, all being alleviated by metformin treatment of adipose stromal cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lipid droplets and ferritin heavy chain: a devilish liaison in human cancer cell radioresistance

    Luca Tirinato et al.
    Lipid Droplet accumulation is a fingerprint shared by different human cancer radioresistant cells and their biogenesis strongly depend on FTH1 presence.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TMEM120A contains a specific coenzyme A-binding site and might not mediate poking- or stretch-induced channel activities in cells

    Yao Rong et al.
    Electrophysiological and structural characterizations reveal that a previously proposed ion channel responsible for sensing mechanical pain is insensitive to poking or stretching stimuli for conducting ions and may serve as a coenzyme A-binding protein instead.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of mTORC1 and c-Jun by Prohibitin1 loss in Schwann cells may link mitochondrial dysfunction to demyelination

    Gustavo Della-Flora Nunes et al.
    mTORC1 and c-Jun are implicated in a possible mechanism causing myelin loss downstream of mitochondrial dysfunction in Schwann cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanically transduced immunosorbent assay to measure protein-protein interactions

    Christopher J Petell et al.
    METRIS is a method that reports a mechanical readout of protein-protein interactions and due to its unique properties, it will allow many protein-protein interactions to be quantitatively measured easily that are currently laborious to measure with conventional methods.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue environment, not ontogeny, defines murine intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes

    Alejandro J Brenes et al.
    In-depth proteomic analyses of intestinal tissue-resident intraepithelial T lymphocytes reveals how these cells are adapted to the intestinal environment through increased cholesterol and lipid metabolism, tailored metabolic profiles, receptors for interacting with epithelial cells, and tightly regulated signalling pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin 7 is targeted to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote synaptic vesicle docking in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea et al.
    Synaptotagmin 7 is asymmetrically localized to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote vesicle docking during short-term synaptic plasticity in mouse hippocampal neurons.

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