616 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of mycobacterial CIII2CIV2 respiratory supercomplex bound to the tuberculosis drug candidate telacebec (Q203)

    David J Yanofsky et al.
    The structure of the Mycobacterium smegmatis CIII2CIV2 respiratory supercomplex with telacebec (Q203) bound shows how this tuberculosis drug candidate blocks respiration in mycobacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative proteomics reveals the selectivity of ubiquitin-binding autophagy receptors in the turnover of damaged lysosomes by lysophagy

    Vinay V Eapen et al.
    A combination of spatial proteomic and autophagic flux approaches was used to reveal the landscape of turnover of damaged lysosomes, demonstrating a key role for the autophagy receptor TAX1BP1 and its associated kinase TBK1 in both HeLa cells and iNeurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    ASIC1a is required for neuronal activation via low-intensity ultrasound stimulation in mouse brain

    Jormay Lim et al.
    Mouse brain neurons response to transcranial ultrasound at the energy level of 5 mW/cm2 and repeated stimulations lead to neurogenesis while ASIC1a is required both in vitro and in vivo as one of the mechanoreceptors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptation and compensation in a bacterial gene regulatory network evolving under antibiotic selection

    Vishwa Patel, Nishad Matange
    Mutations in gene regulatory proteins set the stage for the evolution of antimicrobial resistance by shifting the fitness landscape of resistance-conferring mutations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A morphological transformation in respiratory syncytial virus leads to enhanced complement deposition

    Jessica P Kuppan et al.
    Respiratory syncytial virus produces filamentous particles that change shape when the viral matrix detaches from the viral membrane, and this change in shape results in enhanced deposition of complement proteins, with potential downstream consequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Medicine

    APOE4 is associated with elevated blood lipids and lower levels of innate immune biomarkers in a tropical Amerindian subsistence population

    Angela R Garcia et al.
    The relationship between APOE genotype and disease risks may be environmentally moderated, with APOE4 being less harmful and unlikely to increase cardiometabolic risk in a physically active, energy-limited population.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue environment, not ontogeny, defines murine intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes

    Alejandro J Brenes et al.
    In-depth proteomic analyses of intestinal tissue-resident intraepithelial T lymphocytes reveals how these cells are adapted to the intestinal environment through increased cholesterol and lipid metabolism, tailored metabolic profiles, receptors for interacting with epithelial cells, and tightly regulated signalling pathways.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.

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