675 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Cysteine dioxygenase 1 is a metabolic liability for non-small cell lung cancer

    Yun Pyo Kang et al.
    By increasing intracellular cysteine levels, NRF2 engages a tumor suppressive metabolic pathway mediated by cysteine dioxygenase 1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The interplay at the replisome mitigates the impact of oxidative damage on the genetic integrity of hyperthermophilic Archaea

    Tom Killelea et al.
    An investigation into 8-oxodeoxguanosine bypass by archaeal DNA polymerases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy between serum amyloid A and secretory phospholipase A2

    Shobini Jayaraman et al.
    SAA removes toxic products of lipolysis of the cell membrane by sPLA2, indicating that SAA and sPLA2 act synergistically to clear debris from injured sites, as required for tissue healing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Fusion pore regulation by cAMP/Epac2 controls cargo release during insulin exocytosis

    Alenka Guček et al.
    Live cell imaging shows that the cAMP-sensor Epac2, a target of major antidiabetic drugs, is central to fusion pore control during insulin granule exocytosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glycolysis upregulation is neuroprotective as a compensatory mechanism in ALS

    Ernesto Manzo et al.
    Degenerating motor neurons compensate for energetic deficits by upregulating glycolysis in flies and humans, with increased glucose availability improving locomotor function and lifespan in flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Maintenance of homeostatic plasticity at the Drosophila neuromuscular synapse requires continuous IP3-directed signaling

    Thomas D James et al.
    Synapses employ distinct acute and chronic signaling processes in order to maintain physiologically appropriate levels of function.
    1. Cell Biology

    Multi-phosphorylation reaction and clustering tune Pom1 gradient mid-cell levels according to cell size

    Veneta Gerganova et al.
    Advanced microscopy techniques reveal that clusters of Pom1 kinase at the membrane represent the functional unit that shape the concentration gradients and modulate Pom1 mid-cell levels according to cell size.

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