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Page 2 of 151
    1. Developmental Biology

    The glycosphingolipid MacCer promotes synaptic bouton formation in Drosophila by interacting with Wnt

    Yan Huang et al.
    Multiple independent analyses reveal that a specific membrane lipid directly interacts with the signalling protein Wingless to promote synapse growth at the Drosophila neuromuscular junctions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A lipid bound actin meshwork organizes liquid phase separation in model membranes

    Alf Honigmann et al.
    A combination of imaging experiments and computer simulations on a model lipid membrane integrate the 'picket fence' and 'raft' models, and suggest that the interplay between actin binding, lipid phase separation and curvature compartmentalize the membrane.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cadherin clusters stabilized by a combination of specific and nonspecific cis-interactions

    Connor J Thompson et al.
    A combined experimental and computational approach was developed to understand lateral interactions between membrane-bound proteins and used to quantify the contributions of specific and non-specific interactions to cadherin cis-binding kinetics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic anchoring precedes stable membrane attachment of SNAP25/SNAP23 to the plasma membrane

    Pascal Weber et al.
    A step of contact establishment preceding stable membrane attachment by palmitoylation is identified.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Phosphorylation-mediated PTEN conformational closure and deactivation revealed with protein semisynthesis

    David Bolduc et al.
    C-terminal phosphorylation of the lipid phosphatase PTEN drives a reduction in membrane affinity and leads to a more compact conformation that involves a C2 domain-tail interaction.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the mechanically activated ion channel OSCA1.2

    Sebastian Jojoa-Cruz et al.
    Structures of OSCA1.2, a member of a newly characterized family of mechanically activated ion channels, provide insights into mechanism of channel gating by membrane tension.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A distinct tethering step is vital for vacuole membrane fusion

    Michael Zick, William T Wickner
    Rigorous assays of membrane fusion show that a distinct tethering step is required for lumenal compartment mixing in a manner that extends beyond simply increasing the amount of total trans-SNARE complex.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Wnt3 distribution in the zebrafish brain is determined by expression, diffusion and multiple molecular interactions

    Sapthaswaran Veerapathiran et al.
    Wnt3 accomplishes long-range distribution by extracellular diffusion controlled by expression, tissue morphology, interactions with heparan sulfate proteoglycans, and co-receptor-mediated receptor binding to regulate brain development in zebrafish embryos.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.