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    1. Neuroscience

    Metabolic stress is a primary pathogenic event in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing pan-neuronal human amyloid beta

    Emelyne Teo et al.
    Metabolic defects following expression of Aβ1-42 in nematode neurons are partially caused by inactivation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and can be rescued by Metformin.
    1. Cell Biology

    A systematic approach to identify recycling endocytic cargo depending on the GARP complex

    Sebastian Eising et al.
    The GARP complex is important for the endocytic recycling of amino phospholipid flippases and cell wall proteins, and thus membrane and lipid organization in yeast.
    1. Cell Biology

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Seipin is required for converting nascent to mature lipid droplets

    Huajin Wang et al.
    Seipin oligomers dynamically interact with small, nascent lipid droplets near the endoplasmic reticulum to convert them into larger, mature lipid droplets in a newly identified step of lipid droplet formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric inhibition of a stem cell RNA-binding protein by an intermediary metabolite

    Carina C Clingman et al.
    The RNA-binding protein MSI1, which is required for stem cell and cancer cell proliferation in the brain and epithelial tissues, also directly senses the concentration of long non-esterified omega-9 fatty acids.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Variability of cholesterol accessibility in human red blood cells measured using a bacterial cholesterol-binding toxin

    Rima S Chakrabarti et al.
    Accessible cholesterol levels in human red blood cells were found to be stable within individuals but vary >10-fold among individuals and this variability may contribute to differences in cholesterol trafficking among tissues.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Age-related changes in polycomb gene regulation disrupt lineage fidelity in intestinal stem cells

    Helen M Tauc et al.
    Global, multi-angled genetic analyses identified an age-associated loss of stem cell lineage fidelity that was linked to changes in polycomb regulation in the Drosophila intestinal epithelium.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Multiplexed proteomics of autophagy-deficient murine macrophages reveals enhanced antimicrobial immunity via the oxidative stress response

    Timurs Maculins et al.
    Multiplexed mass spectrometry shows how the autophagy gene Atg16l1 regulates macrophage innate immunity against intracellular bacterial pathogens by modulating basal oxidative stress responses.