1,982 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Ecology

    The effect of host community functional traits on plant disease risk varies along an elevational gradient

    Fletcher W Halliday et al.
    Environmental gradients can modify a fundamental relationship between host community structure and disease, with implications for predicting disease risk in a changing world.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin-6 Klp9 orchestrates spindle elongation by regulating microtubule sliding and growth

    Lara Katharina Krüger et al.
    During anaphase B spindle elongation, Klp9 controls the speed of both microtubule sliding and microtubule growth to coordinate the processes and thus maintain spindle stability for faithful chromosome separation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic variation, environment and demography intersect to shape Arabidopsis defense metabolite variation across Europe

    Ella Katz et al.
    Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Tumor stiffening reversion through collagen crosslinking inhibition improves T cell migration and anti-PD-1 treatment

    Alba Nicolas-Boluda et al.
    Tumor stiffness blocks T cell migration in tumors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric localization of the cell division machinery during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Kanika Khanna et al.
    During sporulation, FtsAZ filaments mediating cell division in Bacillus subtilis are positioned asymmetrically around the septum only on the mother cell side, making the septum thinner than during vegetative growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bacterial death and TRADD-N domains help define novel apoptosis and immunity mechanisms shared by prokaryotes and metazoans

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Prokaryotic TRADD-N and Death-like adaptor domains in diverse predicted apoptosis and immune systems from multicellular prokaryotes and metazoans indicate the common origin of key apoptosis mechanisms required for the stabilization of multicellularity.

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