751 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Drainage of inflammatory macromolecules from the brain to periphery targets the liver for macrophage infiltration

    Linlin Yang et al.
    Circulation of molecules from the brain can serve as a rapid mode of communication from the brain to the liver.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Defective apoptotic cell contractility provokes sterile inflammation, leading to liver damage and tumour suppression

    Linda Julian et al.
    In the absence of ROCK1 activation by caspases, apoptotic cells don’t undergo typical morphological changes, leading to sterile inflammation in the liver that increases tissue damage and suppresses tumor formation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MYC and Twist1 cooperate to drive metastasis by eliciting crosstalk between cancer and innate immunity

    Renumathy Dhanasekaran et al.
    MYC and Twist1 drive metastasis by a novel non-cell-autonomous transcriptional mechanism of eliciting a cytokinome that mediates the crosstalk between cancer cells and macrophages, and its therapeutic blockade inhibits metastasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unexpected plasticity in the life cycle of Trypanosoma brucei

    Sarah Schuster et al.
    Parasite life cycles may be more flexible than traditionally thought, potentially allowing single-cell infections of insect vectors and transmission between hosts even at very low parasite densities.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Expansion of CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes driving proinflammatory responses in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Daniela Fraccarollo et al.
    Immature CD10neg neutrophils and CD14+HLA-DRneg/low monocytes inducing proinflammatory and adaptive immune responses emerge in patients with large acute myocardial infarction.

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