691 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A size principle for recruitment of Drosophila leg motor neurons

    Anthony W Azevedo et al.
    Motor neurons controlling the leg of the fruit fly exhibit a gradient of physiological and functional properties that correlate with the order in which they fire during behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole-organism behavioral profiling reveals a role for dopamine in state-dependent motor program coupling in C. elegans

    Nathan Cermak et al.
    Simultaneous quantification of each of the main motor programs in the roundworm C. elegans yields new insights into the neural mechanisms that coordinate animal behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Tuning of feedforward control enables stable muscle force-length dynamics after loss of autogenic proprioceptive feedback

    Joanne C Gordon et al.
    Running guinea fowl maintain stable running after loss of the stretch reflex in a major ankle extensor muscle, by increasing feedforward muscle activation to maintain ankle stiffness and work output.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Alcids ‘fly’ at efficient Strouhal numbers in both air and water but vary stroke velocity and angle

    Anthony B Lapsansky et al.
    Four species of seabird produce efficient propulsive wakes while flying in the air and while swimming underwater suggesting that selection has optimized these species for locomotion in remarkably different fluids.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling motor neurons of every muscle for fly proboscis reaching

    Claire E McKellar et al.
    A new collection of fly strains comprehensively targets the motor neurons of the proboscis, allowing separate control of every muscle to determine how this appendage achieves flexible, directed reaching.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mitigating memory effects during undulatory locomotion on hysteretic materials

    Perrin E Schiebel et al.
    Undulatory animals moving on the surface must manage material memory by either having a slender anatomy that facilitates avoiding previously remodeled substrate, or using waveshapes that effectively utilize the memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.

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