The neural population of the Aplysia's pedal ganglion are a low-dimensional spiral attractor, and the parameters of the attractor directly define the properties of the Aplysia's escape locomotion behaviour.
Layer 5 neuron apical tuft in mouse visual cortex display widespread, highly correlated calcium signals, with a strong and asymmetric coupling to somatic signals, independent of visual stimulation and locomotion.
Phasic activation of dorsal raphe serotonin neurons transiently inhibits locomotion without influencing anxiety or producing reinforcement, but when repeated over many days a long-term facilitation of locomotion is produced.
Robust and wide-spread locomotion-related neural signals, revealed in the mouse auditory midbrain, suggest that integrating movement-related information is an essential aspect of midbrain sound processing.
Newly forming descending pathways are arranged to function in parallel to existing ones and contribute to increasingly sophisticated locomotor behaviors that emerge postnatally with suitable connectivity patterns and biophysical properties.