71 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Does diversity beget diversity in microbiomes?

    Naïma Madi et al.
    Microbiomediversity favors further diversity in a positive feedback that is strongest in lower-diversity biomes but which plateaus as niches are increasingly filled in higher-diversity biomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Kinesin-4 KIF21B limits microtubule growth to allow rapid centrosome polarization in T cells

    Peter Jan Hooikaas et al.
    Kinesin-4 KIF21B promotes rapid reorientation of the microtubule network during formation of immunological synapse in T cells by acting as a pausing and catastrophe-inducing factor that keeps microtubules short.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Efficient coding of natural scene statistics predicts discrimination thresholds for grayscale textures

    Tiberiu Tesileanu et al.
    An optimization principle allows natural-image data to predict human sensitivity to synthetic, un-natural textures with multiple gray levels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-species cortical alignment identifies different types of anatomical reorganization in the primate temporal lobe

    Nicole Eichert et al.
    Cross-species alignment based on cortical myelin content can dissociate cortical expansion and relocation from changes in connectivity profiles in the temporal lobe of higher primates.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimates of the global burden of Japanese encephalitis and the impact of vaccination from 2000-2015

    Tran Minh Quan et al.
    Modelling analysis reveals the burden of Japanese Encephalitis is greater than previously thought, and although vaccination has reduced burden, there are remaining places with a great need for vaccination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms underlying the response of mouse cortical networks to optogenetic manipulation

    Alexandre Mahrach et al.
    Combining experimental and theoretical approaches reveals the interplay between optogenetic manipulation and recurrent interactions in mouse cortex.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimated effectiveness of symptom and risk screening to prevent the spread of COVID-19

    Katelyn Gostic et al.
    Even in the best-case scenario, screening for COVID-19 misses well over half of infected travellers.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses

    Nicola S Lewis et al.
    Swine populations worldwide are sporadically infected by influenza viruses from humans and birds leading to geographically heterogeneous swine influenza virus populations that pose epizootic and pandemic threats.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transient oxytocin signaling primes the development and function of excitatory hippocampal neurons

    Silvia Ripamonti et al.
    Perturbation of oxytocin signaling causes alterations that may be causally involved in the etiology of oxytocin-related neurobehavioral disorders.

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