384 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Modelling the impact of decidual senescence on embryo implantation in human endometrial assembloids

    Thomas M Rawlings et al.
    The study of embryo-endometrial interactions in assembloid co-cultures identifies novel mechanisms of reproductive failure.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Fine-tuned repression of Drp1-driven mitochondrial fission primes a ‘stem/progenitor-like state’ to support neoplastic transformation

    Brian Spurlock et al.
    A mitochondria-based 'priming' of stemness happens by fine-tuned repression of the level or activity of the master regulator of mitochondrial fission, Drp1, which supports carcinogen-induced transformation in a keratinocyte model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural characterization of NrnC identifies unifying features of dinucleotidases

    Justin D Lormand et al.
    Dinucleotidases, specialized enzymes that catalyze the final step in RNA degradation, have evolved independently and repeatedly to fulfill essential roles in cell growth.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparison of transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II across eukaryotic species

    Natalia Petrenko, Kevin Struhl
    Although the preinitiation complex for transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II contains highly conserved general transcription factors, there are kinetic and compositional differences in the initiation process among eukaryotic species.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative control of noise in mammalian gene expression by dynamic histone regulation

    Deng Tan et al.
    Ubiquitous transcriptional factor-CBP/p300 interaction induces epigenetic and transcriptional bimodality, which can be utilized to tune mean gene expression and noise independently.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression of CHROMOMETHYLASE 3 prevents epigenetic collateral damage in Arabidopsis

    Ranjith K Papareddy et al.
    MicroRNA-mediated repression of a DNA methyltransferase prevents the ectopic methylation of thousands of genes based on distinct chromatin features during embryogenesis, which can reduce expression and persist for weeks afterwards.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular characterization of projection neuron subtypes in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Sara Zeppilli et al.
    Different subtypes of projection neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb are defined by distinct gene expression patterns and transcription factor networks.

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