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    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transient oxytocin signaling primes the development and function of excitatory hippocampal neurons

    Silvia Ripamonti et al.
    Perturbation of oxytocin signaling causes alterations that may be causally involved in the etiology of oxytocin-related neurobehavioral disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Framing of grid cells within and beyond navigation boundaries

    Francesco Savelli et al.
    Grid-cell maps can be aligned to both local and remote reference frames, suggesting that they provide a metric for space beyond the navigationally accessible boundaries of the local environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular and neurochemical basis of sleep stages in the thalamocortical network

    Giri P Krishnan et al.
    A computational model of the thalamocortical network explains sleep stages by the coordinated variations in the level of neuromodulators and predicts differences of sleep pattern in human, cat and mouse recordings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala-ventral striatum circuit activation decreases long-term fear

    Susana S Correia et al.
    Behavior- or optogenetic-driven activation of a basolateral amygdala projection to the nucleus accumbens enhances infralimbic cortex activity and long-term fear extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex promotes habitual alcohol seeking

    Nadege Morisot et al.
    In the orbitofrontal cortex, mTORC1, a multiprotein complex centered around the kinase mTOR, contributes to the development and/or maintenance of habitual alcohol seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Push-pull competition between bottom-up and top-down auditory attention to natural soundscapes

    Nicholas Huang, Mounya Elhilali
    Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Navigating the garden of forking paths for data exclusions in fear conditioning research

    Tina B Lonsdorf et al.
    Exclusion of participants in tasks with a learning element can introduce substantial bias and needs to be carefully considered and transparently reported and justified.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sleep-promoting effects of threonine link amino acid metabolism in Drosophila neuron to GABAergic control of sleep drive

    Yoonhee Ki, Chunghun Lim
    Threonine promotes sleep via down-regulation of metabotropic GABA transmission in the ellipsoid body R2 neurons that generate homeostatic sleep drive in Drosophila.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast and flexible sequence induction in spiking neural networks via rapid excitability changes

    Rich Pang, Adrienne L Fairhall
    Biologically plausible changes in the excitabilities of single neurons may suffice to selectively modulate sequential network dynamics, without modifying of recurrent connectivity.