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    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High social status males experience accelerated epigenetic aging in wild baboons

    Jordan A Anderson et al.
    Among the factors that predict fitness in wild baboons, dominance rank in males, but not in females, is the best predictor of epigenetic aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glia actively sculpt sensory neurons by controlled phagocytosis to tune animal behavior

    Stephan Raiders et al.
    A peripheral sense-organ glia actively engulfs fragments of a sensory neuron ending to modify neuron shape and associated animal sensory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open-source device for measuring food intake and operant behavior in rodent home-cages

    Bridget A Matikainen-Ankney et al.
    An open-source behavioral platform allows for operant, feeding, and circadian experiments in rodent home-cages.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Bacterial–fungal interactions in the neonatal gut influence asthma outcomes later in life

    Rozlyn CT Boutin et al.
    Overgrowth of the yeast Pichia kudriavzevii within the neonatal gut microbiota increases allergic airway disease severity later in life and may be inhibited by short-chain fatty acids.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Live-cell single-molecule tracking highlights requirements for stable Smc5/6 chromatin association in vivo

    Thomas J Etheridge et al.
    In vivo single-molecule imaging demonstrates that Smc5/6 chromatin association depends on ATP hydrolysis and dsDNA binding, requires Nse6 and is modulated by Brc1 after DNA damage.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing the world and its dangers: An evolutionary perspective in neuroimmunology

    Aurora Kraus et al.
    The investigation of neuroimmunology in non-model organisms is critical to diversify the field and identify primordial principles that govern neuroimmune communication across taxa.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    PMCA-generated prions from the olfactory mucosa of patients with Fatal Familial Insomnia cause prion disease in mice

    Edoardo Bistaffa et al.
    The olfactory mucosa of patients with fatal familial insomnia contains traces of infectious prions, and their analyses could support the clinical diagnosis and elucidate disease-specific mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neuronal populations contribute to trace conditioning and extinction learning in the hippocampal CA1

    Rebecca A Mount et al.
    Large-scale imaging analysis of CA1 reveals that distinct neural networks are involved in trace conditioning versus extinction learning, shedding light on how the hippocampus encodes different types of memory.