668 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
  1. Meta-Research: Gender variations in citation distributions in medicine are very small and due to self-citation and journal prestige

    Jens Peter Andersen et al.
    In studies of gender disparities in academia, increased focus is required on within-group variability and between-group overlap of distributions when interpreting and reporting results.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor context dominates output from purkinje cell functional regions during reflexive visuomotor behaviours

    Laura D Knogler et al.
    Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, a conserved vertebrate brain region important for sensorimotor integration, receive sensory and motor information from distinct input streams and are functionally clustered into modules reflecting the larval zebrafish's behavioral repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    An approach for long-term, multi-probe Neuropixels recordings in unrestrained rats

    Thomas Zhihao Luo et al.
    Techniques are presented to facilitate widespread and standardized chronic use of Neuropixels probes for high-yield, long-term neural recording in freely moving animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracking prototype and exemplar representations in the brain across learning

    Caitlin R Bowman et al.
    Concepts can be represented at multiple levels of specificity (individual examples, abstract category averages) within a single task across different regions of the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Consistent patterns of distractor effects during decision making

    Bolton KH Chau et al.
    The value of any choice is not static but dynamically changes as a function of the context of the alternatives even if they are seemingly irrelevant.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal chunking as a mechanism for unsupervised learning of task-sets

    Flora Bouchacourt et al.
    Model-based analyses of human behaviour and neural activity show that representations of concurrent task-sets emerge by merging together representations of individual stimulus-response associations that occur in temporal proximity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral evidence for memory replay of video episodes in the macaque

    Shuzhen Zuo et al.
    Macaque monkeys temporally compress past experiences and use a forward-replay mechanism during judgment of temporal-order between episodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural mechanisms underlie the success, precision, and vividness of episodic memory

    Franziska R Richter et al.
    Combining fMRI with continuous model-based measures of retrieval enables the behavioral and neural dissociation of multiple components of episodic memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent circuit dynamics underlie persistent activity in the macaque frontoparietal network

    Eric Hart, Alexander C Huk
    Simultaneous recordings of neural ensembles in both the frontal and parietal cortices reveal how persistent activity can be maintained in the primate brain during visuospatial working memory.

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