246 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of heterozygosity results in rapid but variable genome homogenization across yeast genetic backgrounds

    Abhishek Dutta et al.
    Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) mediated diversification of the diploid S. cerevisiae hybrid genomes during asexual propagation are vast and exceptionally varied depending on the genetic background.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome plasticity in Candida albicans is driven by long repeat sequences

    Robert T Todd et al.
    Previously uncharacterized long repeat sequences are associated with significant genome variation that can increase fitness and promote antifungal drug resistance in diverse isolates of Candida albicans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population genomics reveals the origin and asexual evolution of human infective trypanosomes

    William Weir et al.
    The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense has undergone recent clonal evolution that reveals the theoretically predicted Meselson effect at a genome-wide level.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Juxtaposition of heterozygous and homozygous regions causes reciprocal crossover remodelling via interference during Arabidopsis meiosis

    Piotr A Ziolkowski et al.
    Heterozygosity changes the balance between interfering and non-interfering crossovers during Arabidopsis meiosis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The evolution of drug resistance in clinical isolates of Candida albicans

    Christopher B Ford et al.
    Loss-of-heterozygosity mutations, but not aneuploidies, are linked to the evolution of drug resistance in Candida albicans isolated from immunocompromised patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ribosomal protein S27-like is a physiological regulator of p53 that suppresses genomic instability and tumorigenesis

    Xiufang Xiong et al.
    The ribosomal protein, Rps27l, plays an oncogenic role by promoting p53 degradation via stabilizing the Mdm2-Mdm4 complex, but a tumor suppressor role by preventing the aneuploidy and loss of p53 heterozygosity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TNFR1-dependent cell death drives inflammation in Sharpin-deficient mice

    James A Rickard et al.
    Skin inflammation in Sharpin-deficient mice is primarily due to TNFR1-dependent apoptosis, but necroptosis appears to play a bigger role in inflammation of internal organs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic and molecular evolution across 10,000 generations in laboratory budding yeast populations

    Milo S Johnson et al.
    Experimentally evolved yeast populations increase in fitness predictably but do not divide into coexisting lineages or dramatically increase their mutation rates after 10,000 generations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.

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