103 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic plasticity and cognitive function are disrupted in the absence of Lrp4

    Andrea M Gomez et al.
    Lrp4 mutant mice display profound deficits in cognitive tasks that assess learning and memory with disruptions in the subcellular organization of synaptic inputs and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Tissue Engineering: Building a better blood-brain barrier

    Courtney Lane-Donovan, Joachim Herz
    A new three-dimensional model of the blood-brain barrier can be used to study processes that are involved in neurodegenerative diseases.
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    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Clearance of beta-amyloid is facilitated by apolipoprotein E and circulating high-density lipoproteins in bioengineered human vessels

    Jerome Robert et al.
    Modelling beta-amyloid deposition in bioengineered human vessels represents a notable advance to further investigate the role of the vasculature in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneuron Wnts regulate neuromuscular junction development

    Chengyong Shen et al.
    A novel role of motoneuron Wnts in regulating presynaptic development at the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptional networks specifying homeostatic and inflammatory programs of gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells

    Nicholas T Hogan et al.
    An integrative genome-wide approach supports a direct and collaborative role of ETS and AP-1 transcription factors in maintaining endothelial cell-specific and anti-inflammatory gene expression programs.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.

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