Telomerase gene therapy represents a novel effective treatment for pulmonary fibrosis associated with short telomeres by improving pulmonary function, decreasing inflammation and accelerating fiber disappearance in fibrotic lungs.
Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
Fibroblast growth factor induces dephosphorylation and inactivation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase, thus decreasing cyclic GMP production in growth plate chondrocytes and contributing to FGF-dependent decreases in bone growth.
Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.
The messenger RNA encoding La-related protein-4 (LARP4) contains a short region of instability whose codon clusters are sensitive to low abundance tRNAs that when elevated increase LARP4 activity for poly(A) lengthening of ribosomal protein mRNAs and other mRNAs.
Kif26b, a new component of the evolutionarily conserved Wnt5a-Ror signaling pathway, is controlled by regulated proteolysis and plays crucial roles in mediating vertebrate embryonic tissue morphogenesis.
A network, composed of 22 relatives of the Beaten Path and Sidestep immunoglobulin superfamily cell surface proteins, also includes several neuronal Beaten Path subfamily receptors which interact selectively with Sidestep subfamily proteins expressed on peripheral tissues.