65 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Dephosphorylation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase contributes to inhibition of bone growth by fibroblast growth factor

    Leia C Shuhaibar et al.
    Fibroblast growth factor induces dephosphorylation and inactivation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase, thus decreasing cyclic GMP production in growth plate chondrocytes and contributing to FGF-dependent decreases in bone growth.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Satb2 determines miRNA expression and long-term memory in the adult central nervous system

    Clemens Jaitner et al.
    The genome-organizer Satb2 has a key role in memory formation by modulating availability of miRNAs that control the function of synapses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    RNA binding protein Caprin-2 is a pivotal regulator of the central osmotic defense response

    Agnieszka Konopacka et al.
    Caprin-2 is up-regulated in the rat hypothalamus by osmotic stress and controls vital homeostatic osmoregulatory mechanisms by altering the length of the poly(A) tail on arginine vasopressin mRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Acidic pH and divalent cation sensing by PhoQ are dispensable for systemic salmonellae virulence

    Kevin G Hicks et al.
    Receptor recognition of antimicrobial peptides is important for Salmonellae to survive inside macrophages and cause disease.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparative genetic screens in human cells reveal new regulatory mechanisms in WNT signaling

    Andres M Lebensohn et al.
    A systematic genetic analysis comprising seven genome-wide screens in haploid human cells uncovered new regulatory mechanisms at most levels in the WNT signaling pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Frataxin induces iron toxicity, sphingolipid synthesis, and Pdk1/Mef2 activation, leading to neurodegeneration

    Kuchuan Chen et al.
    In Drosophila, the loss of Frataxin causes iron accumulation in the nervous system, which in turn enhances sphingolipid synthesis and activation of PDK1 and Mef2, which leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ATPases of cohesin interface with regulators to modulate cohesin-mediated DNA tethering

    Gamze Çamdere et al.
    A critical second step in DNA tethering by cohesin occurs after its stable binding to DNA, and this second step is modulated by the Smc3 ATPase active site in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A composite double-/single-stranded RNA-binding region in protein Prp3 supports tri-snRNP stability and splicing

    Sunbin Liu et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show how the spliceosomal Prp3 protein concomitantly binds double- and single- stranded regions in U4/U6 di-snRNAs and serves to stabilize the U4/U6•U5 tri-snRNP for splicing.

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