143 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Frataxin induces iron toxicity, sphingolipid synthesis, and Pdk1/Mef2 activation, leading to neurodegeneration

    Kuchuan Chen et al.
    In Drosophila, the loss of Frataxin causes iron accumulation in the nervous system, which in turn enhances sphingolipid synthesis and activation of PDK1 and Mef2, which leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Conservation of transcription factor binding specificities across 600 million years of bilateria evolution

    Kazuhiro R Nitta et al.
    Drosophila has almost all transcription factor binding specificities available to humans; and human transcription factors with divergent specificities operate in cell types that are not found in fruit flies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of signaling specificity between GIRK channels and GPCRs

    Kouki K Touhara, Roderick MacKinnon
    A single kinetic step in the G protein activation cycle determines whether a G protein-coupled receptor activates G protein-gated K+ channels or not.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    pp32 and APRIL are host cell-derived regulators of influenza virus RNA synthesis from cRNA

    Kenji Sugiyama et al.
    The host-derived factors, pp32 and APRIL, interact with influenza viral RNA polymerase to support viral genomic RNA synthesis from complementary RNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Nuclear envelope protein MAN1 regulates clock through BMAL1

    Shu-Ting Lin et al.
    A protein within the nuclear membrane, MAN1, controls the expression of the circadian clock gene, BMAL1, in an example of cross-talk between two major gene regulatory pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Geminivirus-encoded TrAP suppressor inhibits the histone methyltransferase SUVH4/KYP to counter host defense

    Claudia Castillo-González et al.
    A viral protein hijacks the key effector of transcriptional gene silencing, Su(var)3-9, to evade host plant surveillance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PTEN controls glandular morphogenesis through a juxtamembrane β-Arrestin1/ARHGAP21 scaffolding complex

    Arman Javadi et al.
    PTEN organizes multicellular architecture by non-catalytic scaffolding of spatially localized β-Arrestin1/ARHGAP21/Cdc42 protein complexes to control mitotic spindle orientation, multicellular configuration and lumen formation.

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