346 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mouse color and wavelength-specific luminance contrast sensitivity are non-uniform across visual space

    Daniel J Denman et al.
    Mice can detect changes in hue independent of luminance, with differing sensitivity to hue and luminance in different parts of visual space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Three ancient hormonal cues co-ordinate shoot branching in a moss

    Yoan Coudert et al.
    The mosses and angiosperms have independently evolved mechanisms that use the same hormones-auxin, cytokinin and strigolactone-to regulate lateral shoot branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using an achiasmic human visual system to quantify the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response

    Pinglei Bao et al.
    The lower-level retinotopic visual cortex of humans born without the optic chiasm comprises two independent neuronal populations and forms a versatile model for quantifying the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience modifies feature map relationships in visual cortex

    Shaun L Cloherty et al.
    A new form of brain plasticity extends the known limits for how much early sensory input can alter the brain.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dominant drug targets suppress the emergence of antiviral resistance

    Elizabeth J Tanner et al.
    When antiviral compounds target oligomeric assemblages, the formation of chimeric oligomers within cells can negate selection for naturally occurring drug-resistant variants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience during locomotion promotes recovery of function in adult visual cortex

    Megumi Kaneko, Michael P Stryker
    Mice that viewed a visual stimulus whilst running showed recovery of the neuronal responses that had been lost due to early visual deprivation, with potential relevance for amblyopia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.

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