4,435 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Club cells form lung adenocarcinomas and maintain the alveoli of adult mice

    Magda Spella et al.
    Airway cells are required for the maintenance of the adult mouse lung and for carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma development, and are thus marked therapeutic targets.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IFN-λ prevents influenza virus spread from the upper airways to the lungs and limits virus transmission

    Jonas Klinkhammer et al.
    Interferon-λ plays a decisive and previously underestimated role in limiting the spread of respiratory viruses from the nasal cavity to the lungs and it efficiently restricts virus transmission from infected individuals to naïve contacts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jagged and Delta-like ligands control distinct events during airway progenitor cell differentiation

    Maria R Stupnikov et al.
    Notch ligands from the Delta and Jagged families have distinct roles in epithelial progenitor cell fate of extrapulmonary and intrapulmonary airways and differentially restrict expansion of the neuroendocrine microenvironment.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A bioengineered niche promotes in vivo engraftment and maturation of pluripotent stem cell derived human lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Building on previous work (Dye et al., 2015) showing that pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids were immature/fetal, the current study shows that in vivo transplantation leads to mature tissue, reminiscent of adult airways.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic homeostasis in human airway epithelium is achieved by neutral competition of basal cell progenitors

    Vitor H Teixeira et al.
    Cell replenishment within the airways is governed by the random division of a population of basal progenitor cells, in a process that is accelerated in smokers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immune surveillance of the lung by migrating tissue monocytes

    Mathieu P Rodero et al.
    Monocytes display distinct migratory and functional activity compared to dendritic cells and alveolar macrophages in the lungs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic perturbation of retroviral LTRs reveals widespread long-range effects on human gene regulation

    Daniel R Fuentes et al.
    A new approach combines guide RNA multiplexing with CRISPR activation and interference to facilitate functional studies of transposable elements present in hundreds of copies throughout the human genome.
    1. Medicine

    Lack of airway submucosal glands impairs respiratory host defenses

    Lynda S Ostedgaard et al.
    Submucosal glands are critical for two key respiratory host defenses, bactericidal activity and mucociliary transport, in an animal model that has lungs like humans.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human embryonic lung epithelial tips are multipotent progenitors that can be expanded in vitro as long-term self-renewing organoids

    Marko Z Nikolić et al.
    Improved characterisation of human embryonic lung development highlights human-mouse differences and facilitates the development of defined culture conditions for the expansion of self-renewing, multipotent human lung epithelial progenitor cells.

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