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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An NKX2-1/ERK/WNT feedback loop modulates gastric identity and response to targeted therapy in lung adenocarcinoma

    Rediet Zewdu et al.
    Genetically engineered murine models reveal novel mechanisms of cell identity regulation in lung cancer and provide insights into the complex interplay between lineage specifiers and oncogenic signaling pathways in this disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    INAVA-ARNO complexes bridge mucosal barrier function with inflammatory signaling

    Phi Luong et al.
    Inflammatory bowel disease risk-gene, INAVA and the ARF-GEF ARNO, regulates non-canonical cortical actin assembly and IL-1b signaling to maintain epithelial homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ICE1 promotes the link between splicing and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay

    Thomas D Baird et al.
    A whole-genome siRNA screen identifies ICE1 as a factor required for accurate sensing and quality control of mRNAs containing premature stop codons.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Hyperactivation of ERK by multiple mechanisms is toxic to RTK-RAS mutation-driven lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Cancer cells driven by mutations in KRAS or EGFR are dependent on DUSP6 to prevent ERK-induced cell death, creating a novel vulnerability for targeted therapy.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Tsc2 disruption in mesenchymal progenitors results in tumors with vascular anomalies overexpressing Lgals3

    Peter J Klover et al.
    Tsc2 inactivation in mouse mesenchymal progenitors produced tumors with vascular anomalies reminiscent of human angiomyolipomas, and a gene expression signature in Tsc2-deficient tissues which included Lgals3, as a novel potential biomarker for TSC1/2 loss.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Loss of functional BAP1 augments sensitivity to TRAIL in cancer cells

    Krishna Kalyan Kolluri et al.
    Loss of BAP1 function is associated with increased sensitivity to TRAIL and other death receptor agonists in malignant mesothelioma, where this is a frequent event, with immediate and actionable therapeutic implications.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin limits primary and recall CD8+ T-cell anti-viral responses

    Risa Ebina-Shibuya et al.
    Immunological analysis of wild-type and Crlf2-/- mice reveals a role for the cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin on memory CD8+ T-cell responses to viral infection, findings with potential translational implications.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Arp2/3 complex-driven spatial patterning of the BCR enhances immune synapse formation, BCR signaling and B cell activation

    Madison Bolger-Munro et al.
    Arp2/3 complex-mediated actin polymerization shapes how B lymphocytes probe the surface of antigen-presenting cells, promotes coalescence of B cell receptor (BCR) microclusters, amplifies BCR signaling, and enhances B cell activation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    KLK3/PSA and cathepsin D activate VEGF-C and VEGF-D

    Sawan Kumar Jha et al.
    Both VEGF-C and VEGF-D can be activated by KLK3/PSA and Cathepsin D, producing two novel VEGF-C forms and the known VEGFR-2-specific form of VEGF-D.