Browse the search results

Page 2 of 487
    1. Neuroscience

    Co-targeting myelin inhibitors and CSPGs markedly enhances regeneration of GDNF-stimulated, but not conditioning-lesioned, sensory axons into the spinal cord

    Jinbin Zhai et al.
    Myelin-associated inhibitors and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are not the primary mechanism stopping sensory axons regenerating into the spinal cord, although their removal can markedly enhance regeneration when combined with an intervention that elevates axon growth capacity sufficiently robustly.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ERα promotes murine hematopoietic regeneration through the Ire1α-mediated unfolded protein response

    Richard H Chapple et al.
    Estrogen is a systemic factor that promotes hematopoietic regeneration by activating the unfolded protein responses.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Delineating the early transcriptional specification of the mammalian trachea and esophagus

    Akela Kuwahara et al.
    Tracheal and esophageal fate specification underlies human structural anomalies, multiple cancers, and human pluripotent stem cell approaches for generating respiratory and esophageal cell types for tissue engineering.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 function is required for axonal integrity

    Lucas Schirmer et al.
    Ultrastructural and loss-of-function experiments show that oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 is located near active axonal structures, including within myelin inner tongue, and has critical functions to promote axonal activity and preserve integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit for gamma-band coherence across the retinotopic map in mouse visual cortex

    Richard Hakim et al.
    A neural circuit between layer 2/3 pyramidal cells and somatostatin-expressing inhibitory neurons synchronizes spatially separated regions of the visual cortex to gamma rhythms.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells are short-lived activated B cells

    Damián Pérez-Mazliah et al.
    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells generated to naturally (mosquito) transmitted rodent malaria infection are short-lived activated B cells, and do not prevent resolution of infection or generation of long-lived memory.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Early patterning and specification of cardiac progenitors in gastrulating mesoderm

    W Patrick Devine et al.
    Multipotent cardiac precursors within a population of mesoderm are rapidly fated to specific anatomic locations in the developing mouse heart.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A bioengineered niche promotes in vivo engraftment and maturation of pluripotent stem cell derived human lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Building on previous work (Dye et al., 2015) showing that pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids were immature/fetal, the current study shows that in vivo transplantation leads to mature tissue, reminiscent of adult airways.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Ecology

    A fitness trade-off between seasons causes multigenerational cycles in phenotype and population size

    Gustavo S Betini et al.
    Seasonal variation in resources causes opposing episodes of selection on body size, which interact with density dependence to influence population dynamics.