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    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Nanoparticulate carbon black in cigarette smoke induces DNA cleavage and Th17-mediated emphysema

    Ran You et al.
    The accumulation of carbon black nanoparticles in smokers' lungs causes sterile inflammation, double-strand DNA breaks and emphysema.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lymph node stromal cells constrain immunity via MHC class II self-antigen presentation

    Antonio P Baptista et al.
    MHC class II-mediated self-antigen presentation by lymph node stromal cells controls regulatory T cell homeostasis, thus safeguarding immune tolerance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Affimer proteins are versatile and renewable affinity reagents

    Christian Tiede et al.
    The Affimer technology represents renewable binding reagents for molecular biology, which provides research scientists and industry with an alternative to the recently criticised use of animal-produced antibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Pharmacological targeting of the transcription factor SOX18 delays breast cancer in mice

    Jeroen Overman et al.
    A novel molecular strategy to block transcription factor activity using small molecule interference of multiple protein-protein interactions is reported.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Angiopoietin receptor Tie2 is required for vein specification and maintenance via regulating COUP-TFII

    Man Chu et al.
    Analyses with genetically engineered mouse models in combination with biochemical approaches reveal a crucial role of the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2 mediated signals in venogenesis via an Akt mediated regulation of COUP-TFII protein stabilization.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Longitudinal analysis of Plasmodium sporozoite motility in the dermis reveals component of blood vessel recognition

    Christine S Hopp et al.
    Malaria parasites enter the host via the skin, where they are inoculated by an infected mosquito as it probes for blood: the inoculation site is a bottleneck for the parasite and the only time when the parasite is extracellular for more than a few minutes, thus possibly presenting the best opportunity for antibody-mediated inhibition of infection.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse models of human PIK3CA-related brain overgrowth have acutely treatable epilepsy

    Achira Roy et al.
    Acute one-hour treatment of Pik3ca mutant mice with a novel anti-epilepsy drug suppresses seizures despite continued developmental brain dysmorphology, promising a new therapeutic strategy for patients with intractable pediatric epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    NG2 glia are required for vessel network formation during embryonic development

    Shilpi Minocha et al.
    The appearance of NG2+ glial cells in the dorsal telencephalon of the embryo coincides with the establishment of the brain blood vessel network in mice.