3,838 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dominant Vibrio cholerae phage exhibits lysis inhibition sensitive to disruption by a defensive phage satellite

    Stephanie G Hays, Kimberley D Seed
    Genetic and molecular analyses identify and characterize an evolutionary battle over lysis timing wherein a bacteriophage delays lysis through lysis inhibition while a defensive phage satellite accelerates lysis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The preRC protein ORCA organizes heterochromatin by assembling histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferases on chromatin

    Sumanprava Giri et al.
    Origin recognition complex-associated (ORCA) is crucial for the stability of the Histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferase megacomplex, which is essential for heterochromatin organization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Towards novel herbicide modes of action by inhibiting lysine biosynthesis in plants

    Tatiana P Soares da Costa et al.
    Proof-of-principle for a new herbicide mode of action through the identification of novel inhibitors of lysine biosynthesis with in planta efficacy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of ubiquitin ligation and lysine prioritization by a HECT E3

    Hari B Kamadurai et al.
    Structural studies reveal the mechanism by which a HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase carries out E2-to-E3-to-substrate ubiquitin transfer and prioritizes target lysines for ubiquitination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of ‘erasers’ for lysine crotonylated histone marks using a chemical proteomics approach

    Xiucong Bao et al.
    Sirt3 functions as decrotonylase to regulate histone crotonylation dynamics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 regulates Ras-related protein R-Ras2 by lysine defatty-acylation

    Xiaoyu Zhang et al.
    A posttranslational regulatory mechanism for a Ras family small GTPase could open up new directions to understand and control the Ras family of proteins that are important for physiology and diseases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discrete viral E2 lysine residues and scavenger receptor MARCO are required for clearance of circulating alphaviruses

    Kathryn S Carpentier et al.
    The scavenger receptor MARCO and liver phagocytes are required for clearance of circulating alphavirus particles and thereby limit viremia and viral dissemination.

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