632 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 regulates Ras-related protein R-Ras2 by lysine defatty-acylation

    Xiaoyu Zhang et al.
    A posttranslational regulatory mechanism for a Ras family small GTPase could open up new directions to understand and control the Ras family of proteins that are important for physiology and diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Glycine acylation and trafficking of a new class of bacterial lipoprotein by a composite secretion system

    Christopher Icke et al.
    AatD is a novel acyltransferase that mediates N-palmitoylation of glycine, a process not previously described, that results in the secretion of lipoproteins to the bacterial cell surface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lysine-14 acetylation of histone H3 in chromatin confers resistance to the deacetylase and demethylase activities of an epigenetic silencing complex

    Mingxuan Wu et al.
    Biochemical approaches reveal that an epigenetic histone deacetylase complex called CoREST is slow to deacetylate histone H3 lysine-14 in nucleosomes, and this inhibits demethylation of histone H3 lysine-4 by the CoREST complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Comment on ‘YcgC represents a new protein deacetylase family in prokaryotes’

    Magdalena Kremer et al.
    We applied a combined synthetic biological, biochemical and mass-spectrometric approach to show that YcgC is not a member of a novel lysine deacetylase class in prokaryotes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based nuclear import mechanism of histones H3 and H4 mediated by Kap123

    Sojin An et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies of Kap123 revealed the mechanisms by which Kap123 recognizes H3- and H4-NLSs through two lysine-binding pockets and by which evolutionarily conserved diacetylation of H4-NLS facilitates Kap123-H3-NLS mediated nuclear translocation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single regulator NrtR controls bacterial NAD+ homeostasis via its acetylation

    Rongsui Gao et al.
    Functional definition of NrtR and the discovery of its acetylation represents a first paradigm for linking protein acetylation to bacterial central NAD+ metabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modifications at K31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contribute to genome structure and expression in apicomplexan parasites

    Fabien Sindikubwabo et al.
    A versatile acetylation-methylation switch at lysine 31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contributes to chromatin structure in apicomplexan parasites.

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