702 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tri-methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 facilitates gene expression in ageing cells

    Cristina Cruz et al.
    A widely studied chromatin modification associated with gene promoters is important for proper gene expression across organismal lifetime.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A histone H3K9M mutation traps histone methyltransferase Clr4 to prevent heterochromatin spreading

    Chun-Min Shan et al.
    A lysine-to-methionine mutation in histone H3 dominantly blocks histone H3K9 methylation by trapping its methyltransferase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Maternal LSD1/KDM1A is an essential regulator of chromatin and transcription landscapes during zygotic genome activation

    Katia Ancelin et al.
    The maternally provided histone demethylase LSD1/KDM1A has an instrumental role at the beginning of life, shaping the histone methylation landscape and the transcriptional repertoire of the early mouse embryo.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A panel of induced pluripotent stem cells from chimpanzees: a resource for comparative functional genomics

    Irene Gallego Romero et al.
    A panel of chimpanzee induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) will help realise the potential of iPSCs in primate studies, and in combination with genomic technologies, transform studies of comparative evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Stress induced gene expression drives transient DNA methylation changes at adjacent repetitive elements

    David Secco et al.
    Phosphate starvation in rice induces widespread, but transient, modulation of DNA methylation near stress responsive genes that is independent from the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A rat epigenetic clock recapitulates phenotypic aging and co-localizes with heterochromatin

    Morgan Levine et al.
    The first epigenetic clock for rats was developed and revealed to reflect phenotypic aging and captured the effects of longevity interventions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Losing Dnmt3a dependent methylation in inhibitory neurons impairs neural function by a mechanism impacting Rett syndrome

    Laura A Lavery et al.
    Dnmt3a regulates gene expression in inhibitory neurons by writing all mCH and some mCG, and MeCP2 reads some of these mCH sites driving a portion of these gene expression changes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HP1α is a chromatin crosslinker that controls nuclear and mitotic chromosome mechanics

    Amy R Strom et al.
    Micromanipulation experiments demonstrate that HP1α strengthens interphase and mitotic chromosome mechanics and maintains nuclear shape by chromatin crosslinking, separate from histone methylation.

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