4,743 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Germ Granules: All about the RNA after all

    Tatjana Trcek, Ruth Lehmann
    RNA molecules cause the proteins involved in the formation of germ granules to coalesce into liquid droplets.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    In Vitro Evolution: Rethinking the tools of the RNA world

    Antony Crisp, Thomas Carell
    An artificially evolved ribozyme can catalyse the synthesis of RNA by using trinucleotide triphosphates as building blocks.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gene autoregulation by 3’ UTR-derived bacterial small RNAs

    Mona Hoyos et al.
    Bacterial small RNAs derived from the 3' untranslated region of an mRNA can serve as autoregulatory elements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    mRNA stem-loops can pause the ribosome by hindering A-site tRNA binding

    Chen Bao et al.
    By sterically hindering tRNA binding and inhibiting translation elongation, mRNA stem-loops can modulate gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    E. coli TraR allosterically regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation

    James Chen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures, combined with biochemical experiments, show how the E. coli F element-encoded TraR protein regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation and conformational heterogeneity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral miRNA adaptor differentially recruits miRNAs to target mRNAs through alternative base-pairing

    Carlos Gorbea et al.
    iRICC, a new method to identify RNA-RNA interactions in vivo, provides mechanistic insight into the function of a viral non-coding RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Emergence and diversification of a host-parasite RNA ecosystem through Darwinian evolution

    Taro Furubayashi et al.
    In an in vitro RNA replication system, an RNA spontaneously diversifies and continuously evolves through coevolution with parasitic entities.

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