252 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    General decapping activators target different subsets of inefficiently translated mRNAs

    Feng He et al.
    Dhh1, Pat1, and Lsm1 target subsets of cellular mRNAs for decapping via interactions of these regulatory proteins with the C-terminal domain of Dcp2, the catalytic component of the decapping enzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative ATPase mediates RNA transcription and capping in a dsRNA virus

    Xuekui Yu et al.
    Atomic structures suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of mRNA transcription and capping in dsRNA viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Highly efficient 5' capping of mitochondrial RNA with NAD+ and NADH by yeast and human mitochondrial RNA polymerase

    Jeremy G Bird et al.
    Eukaryotic mitochondrial RNA polymerases cap RNA with NAD with much higher efficiencies than nuclear RNA polymerase II; as a consequence, mitochondrial RNAs have remarkably high levels of NAD capping.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A non-canonical role for the EDC4 decapping factor in regulating MARF1-mediated mRNA decay

    William R Brothers et al.
    Crosslink immunopreciptiation (iCLIP) studies reveal important mechanistic insights into how MARF1 post-transcriptionally regulates targeted mRNAs and uncover a novel mode by which EDC4 regulates mRNA metabolism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    mRNA decapping is an evolutionarily conserved modulator of neuroendocrine signaling that controls development and ageing

    Fivos Borbolis et al.
    mRNA decapping function in neuronal cells regulates neurosecretion and intertissue signaling, affecting developmental and ageing processes in two model organisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consistent global structures of complex RNA states through multidimensional chemical mapping

    Clarence Yu Cheng et al.
    A multidimensional chemical mapping strategy enables confident determination of the structures of non-coding RNAs at 1-nm resolution, including previously intractable riboswitch and human regulon states.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cotranslational microRNA mediated messenger RNA destabilization

    Trinh To Tat et al.
    MicroRNAs stimulate the decay of targeted mRNAs while they are associated with translating ribosomes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Histone gene replacement reveals a post-transcriptional role for H3K36 in maintaining metazoan transcriptome fidelity

    Michael P Meers et al.
    Post-translational modification of histone H3K36 is not required to suppress cryptic transcription initiation or to include alternative exons in Drosophila; instead it promotes expression of active genes by stimulating polyadenylation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Self-capping of nucleoprotein filaments protects the Newcastle disease virus genome

    Xiyong Song et al.
    Structural and functional studies reveal how Newcastle disease virus nucleocapsid protects its viral genome through a self-capping mechanism, which is important for new antiviral drug design.

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