3,446 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Quality control of transcription start site selection by nonsense-mediated-mRNA decay

    Christophe Malabat et al.
    RNA polymerase II generates numerous transcript isoforms, including transcripts initiating downstream of the START codon, that are efficiently degraded by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universally high transcript error rates in bacteria

    Weiyi Li, Michael Lynch
    Fundamental details of the rate and molecular spectrum of transcript errors were revealed in four bacterial species, providing novel insights into transcriptional fidelity and RNA quality-control in prokaryotes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multi-protein bridging factor 1(Mbf1), Rps3 and Asc1 prevent stalled ribosomes from frameshifting

    Jiyu Wang et al.
    An eukaryotic specific system cooperates with the ribosome quality control pathway to maintain the reading frame during translation of slowly translated sequences.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Multiple pathways of toxicity induced by C9orf72 dipeptide repeat aggregates and G4C2 RNA in a cellular model

    Frédéric Frottin et al.
    Protein aggregates resulting from mutations in C9orf72 impair different aspects of cellular quality control in the cytosol and the nucleus, but mRNA-mediated effects contribute more strongly to toxicity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    EDF1 coordinates cellular responses to ribosome collisions

    Niladri K Sinha et al.
    Endothelial Differentiation Factor 1 (EDF1) plays a critical role in driving mRNA-specific quality control and global transcriptional responses in response to ribosome collisions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Alkylative damage of mRNA leads to ribosome stalling and rescue by trans translation in bacteria

    Erica N Thomas et al.
    Alkylation stress modify mRNAs and results in translation arrest, which activates the ribosome-rescue pathway of trans translation in bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    In vitro analysis of RQC activities provides insights into the mechanism and function of CAT tailing

    Beatriz A Osuna et al.
    Yeast extracts recapitulate a quality-control pathway dedicated to rescuing stalled ribosomes, providing unexpected insights into a noncanonical elongation reaction and the fate of incompletely synthesized proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Genomic innovation of ATD alleviates mistranslation associated with multicellularity in Animalia

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Identification of a two-tier functional redundancy to combat proteostasis imbalance induced due to tRNA expansion and oxidative stress in multicellular animals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    How to measure and evaluate binding affinities

    Inga Jarmoskaite et al.
    Simple guidelines and a checklist are provided for performing high-quality equilibrium binding measurements.

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