3,798 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The E2 Marie Kondo and the CTLH E3 ligase clear deposited RNA binding proteins during the maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Michael Zavortink et al.
    In fruit flies, maternally deposited RNA-binding proteins are removed during the maternal-to-zygotic transition via a mechanism of translational upregulation of Kondo, the key E2 enzyme, at egg activation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Operon mRNAs are organized into ORF-centric structures that predict translation efficiency

    David H Burkhardt et al.
    Operonic mRNAs in bacteria are comprised of ORF (open reading frame)-wide units of secondary structure, which are intrinsically distinct between adjacent ORFs and encode a rough blueprint for ORF-specific translation efficiency.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ME31B globally represses maternal mRNAs by two distinct mechanisms during the Drosophila maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Miranda Wang et al.
    ME31B is a general repressor of gene expression in the Drosophila early embryo, repressing translation before the maternal-to-zygotic transition and stimulating mRNA decay after activation of the zygotic genome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-invasive measurement of mRNA decay reveals translation initiation as the major determinant of mRNA stability

    Leon Y Chan et al.
    Non-invasive mRNA stability measurements reveal that transcript lifetime is governed by a competition with translation initiation on a transcriptome-wide level.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The ribosomal protein Asc1/RACK1 is required for efficient translation of short mRNAs

    Mary K Thompson et al.
    Asc1/RACK1 promotes the translation of mRNAs associated with the translational closed loop complex, which have short open reading frames and encode proteins required for core metabolic processes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aven recognition of RNA G-quadruplexes regulates translation of the mixed lineage leukemia protooncogenes

    Palaniraja Thandapani et al.
    Arginine methylation regulates mRNA translation of key protooncogenes via an RGG/RG motif-containing protein called Aven.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    tRNA genes rapidly change in evolution to meet novel translational demands

    Avihu H Yona et al.
    Experimental evolution and systematic sequence analysis of transfer RNA genes reveal that anticodon mutations provide adaptive plasticity to the translation machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translation inhibitory elements from Hoxa3 and Hoxa11 mRNAs use uORFs for translation inhibition

    Fatima Alghoul et al.
    Hoxa3 and Hoxa11 translation inhibitory elements block cap-dependent translation by using upstream open reading frames with distinct modes of action.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Decoupling the impact of microRNAs on translational repression versus RNA degradation in embryonic stem cells

    Jacob W Freimer et al.
    The deletion of Ddx6 results in the translational upregulation, but not transcript stabilization, of microRNA targets in embryonic stem cells while largely phenocopying the overall impact of global microRNA loss.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    LARP1 functions as a molecular switch for mTORC1-mediated translation of an essential class of mRNAs

    Sungki Hong et al.
    LARP1 turns off and on the translation of an essential class of mRNAs by acting as a key effecter and regulator for mTORC1.

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