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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Inhibition of BET recruitment to chromatin as an effective treatment for MLL-fusion leukaemia

    Xiaochuan Shan et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparative genetic screens in human cells reveal new regulatory mechanisms in WNT signaling

    Andres M Lebensohn et al.
    A systematic genetic analysis comprising seven genome-wide screens in haploid human cells uncovered new regulatory mechanisms at most levels in the WNT signaling pathway.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Adequate immune response ensured by binary IL-2 and graded CD25 expression in a murine transfer model

    Franziska Fuhrmann et al.
    A murine adoptive transfer model shows that binary IL-2 and graded CD25 expression tailor the T helper cell response to the antigen amount in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Murine Fam65b forms ring-like structures at the base of stereocilia critical for mechanosensory hair cell function

    Bo Zhao et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy reveals a highly organized compartment in the stereocilia of mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear, which is critical for hair cell function and affected in disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genome-wide identification of neuronal activity-regulated genes in Drosophila

    Xiao Chen et al.
    Activity-regulated genes in Drosophila neurons differ from the well-characterized situation in mammals, and these genes provided a strategy to construct reporters for monitoring neuronal activity in fly brains.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.