1,476 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High mTOR activity is a hallmark of reactive natural killer cells and amplifies early signaling through activating receptors

    Antoine Marçais et al.
    Chronic engagement of Natural killer cell inhibitory receptors by MHC-I molecules maintains a high activity of the mTOR pathway allowing subsequent amplification of signaling through activating receptors upon acute stimulation.
    1. Plant Biology

    An evolutionarily young defense metabolite influences the root growth of plants via the ancient TOR signaling pathway

    Frederikke Gro Malinovsky et al.
    Young defense metabolites are often believed to be solely outputs but evidence suggests that they can regulate ancient signaling pathways.
    1. Plant Biology

    Homeostasis of branched-chain amino acids is critical for the activity of TOR signaling in Arabidopsis

    Pengfei Cao et al.
    Despite BCAAs being de novo-synthesized in chloroplasts, TOR activation by BCAAs is conserved in plants and triggers a re-organization of actin and actin-associated endomembranes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rasgrp1 mutation increases naïve T-cell CD44 expression and drives mTOR-dependent accumulation of Helios+ T cells and autoantibodies

    Stephen R Daley et al.
    A single point mutation in a Ras activator leads to aberrant constitutive mTOR signaling in peripheral T cells that consequently accumulate as abnormal T helper cells and stimulate the production of autoantibodies by B cells.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    Atg9 antagonizes TOR signaling to regulate intestinal cell growth and epithelial homeostasis in Drosophila

    Jung-Kun Wen et al.
    Atg9 inhibits TOR signaling to regulate cell growth and tissue homeostasis in Drosophila adult midgut.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single molecule imaging reveals a major role for diffusion in the exploration of ciliary space by signaling receptors

    Fan Ye et al.
    Membrane receptor proteins move through primary cilia largely by passive diffusion rather than by active intraflagellar transport.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    PTEN negatively regulates the cell lineage progression from NG2+ glial progenitor to oligodendrocyte via mTOR-independent signaling

    Estibaliz González-Fernández et al.
    OPC-specific genetic inhibition of Akt upstream and downstream molecules in the mouse, and simultaneous OPC fate analysis reveal that PTEN-AKT-GSK3b forms a persistent negative signaling pathway for OL development, in parallel with the AKT-mTORC1 pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-autonomous regulation of epithelial cell quiescence by calcium channel Trpv6

    Yi Xin et al.
    Genetics, in vivo imaging, and unbiased chemical biology screens reveal that Trpv6 functions as a cellular quiescence regulator and delineates a Trpv6-mediated Ca2+ signaling pathway maintaining the quiescent state.

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