217 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functionally defined white matter of the macaque monkey brain reveals a dorso-ventral attention network

    Ilaria Sani et al.
    Primate attention is not limited to a dorsal fronto-parietal network, but includes a ventral temporal node and its dorso-ventral interactions with other attentional areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized areas for value updating and goal selection in the primate orbitofrontal cortex

    Elisabeth A Murray et al.
    Within the monkey orbitofrontal cortex, a posterior part learns new values, whereas an anterior part translates this knowledge into advantageous decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disparate substrates for head gaze following and face perception in the monkey superior temporal sulcus

    Karolina Marciniak et al.
    A distinct cortical region serves head gaze following, and is needed to establish joint attention with others and to ultimately develop a theory of others' mind.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism of speed-accuracy tradeoff in macaque area LIP

    Timothy Hanks et al.
    To establish a trade-off between the speed and accuracy of a decision, neurons in lateral intraparietal cortex combine evidence bearing on the decision with a signal that incorporates the cost of time into the decision-making process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prefrontal Cortex: A tale of two pathways

    Jonathan A Oler, Julie L Fudge
    A combination of invasive and non-invasive techniques has allowed researchers to take a closer look at the two major neural pathways that connect the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Tuberculosis innovations mean little if they cannot save lives

    Madhukar Pai, Jennifer Furin
    Ending the TB epidemic requires scaling up access to new TB tools so that they can benefit the patients in low- and middle-income countries that need them the most.
    1. Ecology

    Stone Tool Use: Monkeys overharvest shellfish

    George H Perry, Brian F Codding
    The use of stone tools by macaques in Thailand has reduced the size and population density of coastal shellfish; previously it was thought that tool-assisted overharvesting effects resulted uniquely from human activity.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Communication: Listening in

    Erich D Jarvis
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral Latency: Down but not out

    Erin T Larragoite, Adam M Spivak
    A new study in monkeys suggests that treating HIV infection early with antiretroviral therapy reduces the number of latent viruses, but has little impact on viral reactivation when treatment stops.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in prefrontal cortex track the variance of experienced rewards to guide economic decisions.

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