113 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Cytokine ranking via mutual information algorithm correlates cytokine profiles with presenting disease severity in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2

    Kelsey E Huntington et al.
    A mutual information algorithm points to macrophage activation syndrome as a specific pathogenic mechanism in COVID-19, correlated with disease severity, which could be used to monitor disease and therapeutics.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Brain micro-inflammation at specific vessels dysregulates organ-homeostasis via the activation of a new neural circuit

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    A link between chronic stress and organ dysfunction is explained by the gateway reflex, in which brain micro-inflammation at specific vessels establishes a new neural pathway to induce fatal organ failure particularly in gastrointestine and heart.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Wiskott Aldrich syndrome protein regulates non-selective autophagy and mitochondrial homeostasis in human myeloid cells

    Elizabeth Rivers et al.
    WASp is an immunometabolic regulator of human myeloid cells and regulates autophagy and mitochondrial homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-related mutations in PI3Kγ disrupt regulatory C-terminal dynamics and reveal a path to selective inhibitors

    Manoj K Rathinaswamy et al.
    The c-terminus of PI3K plays a key role in regulating kinase activity, with c-terminal disease-linked mutations leading to either activation or inhibition, which reveal a path to specific inhibitors.

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