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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Quantification of microenvironmental metabolites in murine cancers reveals determinants of tumor nutrient availability

    Mark R Sullivan et al.
    The nutrients available in some tumors and the factors that influence tumor nutrient availability are characterized, which provides insight into the metabolic constraints of the tumor microenvironment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems mediate transcytosis of Leptospira interrogans across cell monolayer

    Yang Li et al.
    L. interrogans utilizes endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems for transcytosis across endothelial or epithelial barrier in blood vessels or renal tubules, which contributes to spreading and transmission of leptospirosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A bacteriophage endolysin that eliminates intracellular streptococci

    Yang Shen et al.
    Unlike other similar enzymes, the antimicrobial enzyme PlyC can interact with and translocate eukaryotic membranes, and then lyse and kill intracellular bacteria.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evidence that synthetic lethality underlies the mutual exclusivity of oncogenic KRAS and EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma

    Arun M Unni et al.
    Co-mutation of two powerful oncogenes in certain cell types may have a lethal effect that explains the mutual exclusivity of the mutations.
    1. Cell Biology

    Actin-based protrusions of migrating neutrophils are intrinsically lamellar and facilitate direction changes

    Lillian K Fritz-Laylin et al.
    Neutrophil pseudopods are composed of multiple sheets that are inherently flat, protrude in three dimensions, and whose assembly correlates with cell turning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Optimization-by-design of hepatotropic lipid nanoparticles targeting the sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide

    Dominik Witzigmann et al.
    The combination of in vitro investigations, the zebrafish screening model and rodent experiments offered a unique approach to optimizing nanoparticles modified with Hepatitis B virus-derived peptides to specifically target hepatocytes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Clathrin-independent pathways do not contribute significantly to endocytic flux

    Vassilis Bitsikas et al.
    Chemical labelling of all primary endocytic vesicles allows the contribution of different endocytic mechanisms to the total endocytic uptake in cultured mammalian cells to be quantified.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A role of OCRL in clathrin-coated pit dynamics and uncoating revealed by studies of Lowe syndrome cells

    Ramiro Nández et al.
    Studies of Lowe syndrome patient cells, which lack the inositol 5-phosphatase OCRL, suggest that a defect in endocytosis plays a role in the pathological manifestations of the disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cellular entry and uncoating of naked and quasi-enveloped human hepatoviruses

    Efraín E Rivera-Serrano et al.
    Quasi-enveloped hepatitis A virions undergo clathrin-mediated endocytosis, followed by ALIX-dependent trafficking to lysosomes where the quasi-envelope is degraded, triggering uncoating of the RNA genome in association with lysosomal membrane rupture.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inert and seed-competent tau monomers suggest structural origins of aggregation

    Hilda Mirbaha et al.
    Tau protein exists as two conformational ensembles, one inert, and another that has intrinsic properties of self-association, triggers seeding in cells and in vitro, and is associated with Alzheimer's disease.