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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for isoform-specific kinesin-1 recognition of Y-acidic cargo adaptors

    Stefano Pernigo et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals how kinesin-1 recognises a novel class of cargo adaptor motifs in an isoform-specific manner.
    1. Medicine

    Cardiovascular adaptation to hypoxia and the role of peripheral resistance

    Andrew S Cowburn et al.
    Radiotelemetric and genetic studies of peripheral tissue response show that a peripheral tissue can dynamically alter cardiovascular adaptation to changes in environmental oxygen.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-option of an endogenous retrovirus envelope for host defense in hominid ancestors

    Daniel Blanco-Melo et al.
    The reconstitution of a functional envelope protein from an extinct hominid retrovirus reveals its receptor and an ancient host defense that may have led to the extinction of the virus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD301b+ dendritic cells suppress T follicular helper cells and antibody responses to protein antigens

    Yosuke Kumamoto et al.
    CD301b dendritic cells potently suppress antibody responses by limiting the activity of follicular helper T cells and germinal center B cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Small molecule inhibition of Csk alters affinity recognition by T cells

    Boryana N Manz et al.
    The T cell response, especially to weak agonists, is enhanced by acute Csk inhibition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inhibition by small-molecule ligands of formation of amyloid fibrils of an immunoglobulin light chain variable domain

    Boris Brumshtein et al.
    Ligands that bind dimers of light chain variable domains inhibit the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial flagellar capping proteins adopt diverse oligomeric states

    Sandra Postel et al.
    The first high-resolution structure of a bacterial flagellar cap protein, FliD, reveals new insights into the assembly of bacterial flagella.