405 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Evolution of irreversible somatic differentiation

    Yuanxiao Gao et al.
    Irreversible differentiation into somatic cells is evolutionarily optimal if changing cell phenotype is costly, a few somatic cells already improve the organism's performance, and the organism is large enough.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Fine-tuned repression of Drp1-driven mitochondrial fission primes a ‘stem/progenitor-like state’ to support neoplastic transformation

    Brian Spurlock et al.
    A mitochondria-based 'priming' of stemness happens by fine-tuned repression of the level or activity of the master regulator of mitochondrial fission, Drp1, which supports carcinogen-induced transformation in a keratinocyte model.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Mutation analysis links angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma to clonal hematopoiesis and smoking

    Shuhua Cheng et al.
    Comparative analysis establishes genetic links among angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), clonal hematopoiesis, and concomitant hematologic malignancies, and provides insights into the cell of origin, etiology, and biomarker discovery for AITL.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Multi-syndrome, multi-gene risk modeling for individuals with a family history of cancer with the novel R package PanelPRO

    Gavin Lee et al.
    A comprehensive package for pedigree-based risk modeling, with a highly optimized computational back-end, extends existing models beyond syndrome-specific approaches and incorporates data from panel studies by allowing for an arbitrary number of gene and syndrome associations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Whole-organism 3D quantitative characterization of zebrafish melanin by silver deposition micro-CT

    Spencer R Katz et al.
    Melanin staining for micro-CT imaging, using a novel application of ionic silver deposition, enables qualitative and quantitative 3D analysis of zebrafish pigmentation and reveals subtle phenotypes missed by light microscopy.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A feedback loop between the androgen receptor and 6-phosphogluoconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) drives prostate cancer growth

    Joanna L Gillis et al.
    A positive feedback loop between the androgen receptor and a key pentose phosphate pathway enzyme, 6PGD, in prostate cancer promotes tumour cell proliferation, survival and intracellular redox control.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HBO1-MLL interaction promotes AF4/ENL/P-TEFb-mediated leukemogenesis

    Satoshi Takahashi et al.
    Interaction of the MLL and HBO1 complexes is a key nexus for leukemic transformation that can serve as a therapeutic target.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tonic interferon restricts pathogenic IL-17-driven inflammatory disease via balancing the microbiome

    Isabelle J Marié et al.
    Overlapping action of type I, II, and III interferons maintains microbiome homeostasis, prevents IL-17-driven myeloproliferative disease, and protects against inflammatory bowel disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Unsupervised machine learning reveals key immune cell subsets in COVID-19, rhinovirus infection, and cancer therapy

    Sierra M Barone et al.
    Rare, virus-specific immune cells in human blood are automatically identified by machine learning algorithm T-REX and characterized for signature features needed for tracking and isolation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NF1 regulates mesenchymal glioblastoma plasticity and aggressiveness through the AP-1 transcription factor FOSL1

    Carolina Marques et al.
    Neurofibromatosis type 1 gene (NF1) signaling is causally linked to the acquisition of a mesenchymal gene expression program in gliomas through the regulation of the AP-1 transcription factor FOSL1.

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