5,626 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain endothelial cell TRPA1 channels initiate neurovascular coupling

    Pratish Thakore et al.
    Activation of TRPA1 channels on cerebral capillary endothelial cells initiates a retrograde signal that propagates and dilates upstream arterioles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Incomplete removal of extracellular glutamate controls synaptic transmission and integration at a cerebellar synapse

    Timothy S Balmer et al.
    Extracellular levels of the neurotransmitter glutamate are maintained at physiologically significant levels at some synapses even in the absence of action potentials.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deficient spermiogenesis in mice lacking Rlim

    Feng Wang et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice identifies Rlim in the spermatogenic cell lineage as a regulator of cytoplasmic reduction during spermiogenesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Repeated outbreaks drive the evolution of bacteriophage communication

    Hilje M Doekes et al.
    Mathematical modelling suggests that the evolution of communication between bacterial viruses requires repeated outbreak events, and the model then predicts typical communication strategies.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Retrograde ERK activation waves drive base-to-apex multicellular flow in murine cochlear duct morphogenesis

    Mamoru Ishii et al.
    Live-cell imaging and mathematical modeling reveal the physical basis of collective cell migration underlying spiral cochlear duct formation during murine inner ear development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parabrachial opioidergic projections to preoptic hypothalamus mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses

    Aaron J Norris et al.
    Warm-activated parabrachial neurons contain overlapping dynorphin and enkephalin expressing subpopulations, project to preoptic hypothalamus, and mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses behaviors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Developmental hourglass and heterochronic shifts in fin and limb development

    Koh Onimaru et al.
    Omics approaches reveal conserved and diversified gene regulation between fin and limb development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin architecture and clustering in vivo

    Siheng Xiang, Douglas Koshland
    Cohesin adopts a flexible butterfly conformation in vivo and forms spatial and temporal regulated ordered clusters to maintain cohesion and condensation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phasic oxygen dynamics confounds fast choline-sensitive biosensor signals in the brain of behaving rodents

    Ricardo M Santos, Anton Sirota
    Fast fluctuations of oxygen, linked to behavioral and neural dynamics in vivo, cause phasic transients is amperometry-measured cholinergic signals via the mechanism of non-steady-state enzyme kinetics in the choline-oxidase-based biosensor.

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