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    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Dopamine-dependent scaling of subthalamic gamma bursts with movement velocity in patients with Parkinson’s disease

    Roxanne Lofredi et al.
    Bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease may be associated to a dopamine-dependent recruitment failure of subthalamic activity in short bursts of gamma synchrony.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Viruses are a dominant driver of protein adaptation in mammals

    David Enard et al.
    Viruses drive adaptation at the scale of the whole proteome and not only in antiviral proteins in mammalian hosts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Molecular conservation of marsupial and eutherian placentation and lactation

    Michael W Guernsey et al.
    The short-lived tammar wallaby placenta expresses genes resembling eutherian placentas, establishing marsupials as "placental mammals", further, dynamic lactation allows marsupials to compensate for short placentation by expressing key placental genes in the mammary gland.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resting-state gamma-band power alterations in schizophrenia reveal E/I-balance abnormalities across illness-stages

    Tineke Grent-'t-Jong et al.
    Resting-state MEG-activity and MRS-GABA/Glx measurements reveal that there is a significant shift in excitability during the course of schizophrenia, involving hyperexcitability during the onset and a reduction at chronic stages.
    1. Cell Biology

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural networks for the volitional control of vocal and manual actions in the monkey homologue of Broca's area

    Natalja Gavrilov, Andreas Nieder
    Single-neuron recordings in the inferior frontal cortex of trained macaques show neurons that are selective to the volitional preparation of either vocal or manual actions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Noise promotes independent control of gamma oscillations and grid firing within recurrent attractor networks

    Lukas Solanka et al.
    Random fluctuations in neuronal firing may enable a single brain region, the medial entorhinal cortex, to perform distinct roles in cognition (by generating gamma waves) and spatial navigation (by producing a grid cell map).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Allosteric activation of the nitric oxide receptor soluble guanylate cyclase mapped by cryo-electron microscopy

    Benjamin G Horst et al.
    The full-length structures of the mammalian nitric oxide receptor reveal the molecular activation steps and a binding site for the prototype of FDA-approved stimulators.
    1. Neuroscience

    The right hippocampus leads the bilateral integration of gamma-parsed lateralized information

    Nuria Benito et al.
    High-resolution electrode recordings reveal left-right asymmetry in hippocampal gamma waves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gamma activity accelerates during prefrontal development

    Sebastian H Bitzenhofer et al.
    Maturation of inhibitory feedback accelerates gamma activity in the medial prefrontal cortex during development.